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Walking with the times, a lot of new courses are gaining popularity with the new generation. Law is one such course. Legal education in India has been governed by the Bar Council of India (BCI). Earlier, law schools were not as organized as the current times. It happened after 1987, when the National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore was established, and it became the first law school that adopted 5-Year Integrated Course in Law, which was highly focused and industry-driven. It also initiated the trend of an entrance exam that led to the measurable criterion to select the most meritorious candidates.
Nowadays, the legal profession is not just limited to the courtrooms but has wide applications in several areas of life and business. The various study options offered by the Top Law Schools in India give a chance to a student to choose the subject/specialization, which he/she can master later to become a specialist in that field.
Unlike a lot of other career options, Law is one of the options which is open to all the students irrespective of the streams they have chosen after SSC. Someone with good communication, reading skills, analytical and judgment skills, ability to think logically, and creativity is best suitable to become a good lawyer.
Life at a Law School
It’s not just limited to books! Life at any Top Law School has an everlasting impact on one’s life. Apart from strong academics, students are also engaged in various activities like group projects, case studies, moot court sessions, debates, presentations and seminars, internships, sports, and other cultural events. Law Schools focus on the overall development of a student, which itself is a life-changing experience and makes everyone fit for corporate life.
In the initial stages of your 5-year law graduation, the first 2 semesters focus on your basic subjects, depending on the course you have opted for. Only a few law subjects such as torts, contracts, constitution, etc. related to law are introduced in the first 2 semesters. Later, you can choose the subjects based on the specialization you want to opt for. At any Top Law School, it’s not just the study-exam format. The students are engaged in Moot Court sessions, Presentations, Projects, and Exams. Apart from that, a student can also participate in various co-curricular activities such as Paper Presentation competitions, Symposiums, Seminars, and Research work.
Moot Court, Parliamentary Debates, Conferences
Unlike the past, it’s no more a theoretical study-work. Moot Court sessions (or Mooting) are one of the most important and practical sessions that hone presentation, litigation, and argumentative skills by helping them apply theoretical knowledge in practical cases. Additionally, a student, as a part of the co-curricular activities can participate in Moot Court competitions held by Top Law Schools and International Forums.
Parliamentary Debating is where a group of students is divided into two smaller groups as Proposer (maybe the government) and Opposer (the opposition government) and then a constructive discussion on various issues, policies start where one proposes and the other replies with logical arguments. These PDs are an amazing blend of strong analysis and research, arguments, presentation skills, oral communications, and entertainment.
Conferences, Seminars, Paper Presentations and Group Discussions on various issues and topics are discussed in formal and informal setups. These activities help the students understand an issue in detail with the right analysis and feedback mechanisms.
Internships and Projects
As a part of the curriculum, Internships are one of the mandatory parts. A student’s theoretical knowledge is tested in a practical environment in the corporate world. These firms may allocate basic work like drafting a deed and proofreading, to researching in on-going cases with the company. The students may also be offered a stipend for the duration of the project. These practical learnings are the gems of the curriculum and may end up in the final recruitment of the student if the experience from both the parties is fruitful.
Lawyers are not book-worms. Any Top Law School gives a wide experience for engaging their students in a range of extra-curricular activities like College Festivals with performance in dance, drama or singing, sports, rock bands, etc. A few students travel to various places for their events in other colleges too. Thus, maintaining the overall growth and development of a student.
Career Options after Law Programs & Placements
Lawyers have an option to either go for the public or government sector or to work in the private sector. Those working in the private sector basically handle all the legal matters of a company or an organization, whereas those working in the government have the traditional work of handling cases allotted by the government. Lawyers when working for a private organization have to participate in the strategic decisions of the management, joint ventures and alliances, and so on. More and more students are opting for the private sector these days. Ideally, a fresh lawyer should do litigation for five to ten years, spending two to three years in a trial court to learn cross-examination, pleadings, drafting, etc.
Let us look at some of the career options in detail:
|Career Option||Roles||Salaries (in INR)|
|Corporate Counsel||MNCs, Banks, International Arbitrations Center, Professional Negotiators, IPR Attorneys||15 to 33 lakhs|
|Law Firms||National and International Business Houses Involved in Legal Practice||12 to 18 lakhs (Indian) 22 to 40 lakhs (Foreign)|
|Litigation||In District, State and Supreme Courts||3.5 lakhs onwards|
|Social Law||NGOs, Civil Society Organizations, The United Nations||4 to 10 lakhs|
|Media and Law||Publishing Houses, TV channels, Newspapers, Journalism||8 to 12 lakhs|
|Legal Process Outsourcing||Reputed Multi-National Corporations||4 to 8 lakhs|
|Government Sector||Judiciary, Civil Services, Legal Officers, Judge Advocate General, PSUs, Policy Makers, Politics, etc.||As per the Govt. pay policies|
|Academia and Research||B-Schools, Engineering Colleges, Law Schools, etc.||5 lakhs to as per the UGC norms|
Specialization in Law
Air and Space Law
Human Rights Law
Intellectual Property Law
Property and Estate Law
List of Law Entrance Exams
- Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT) – For 21 NLUs, multiple locations
- All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) – For NLU, Delhi
- Symbiosis Law Admission Test (SLAT) – For SLS, Pune, Noida & Hyderabad
- Law School Admission Test (LSAT-India) – For 50+ Law Schools of India like JGLS, Alliance School of Law, School of Law UPES, etc.
- Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHCET) – For 100+ Law Schools of Maharashtra like GLC-Mumbai, ILS-Pune, Rizvi Law School-Mumbai, etc.
- Christ University Entrance Test (CUET) – For Christ University, Bengaluru
- Banaras Hindu University Entrance Test (BHU-ET) – For BHU, Varanasi
- Army Institute of Law – Law Entrance Test (AIL-LET) – For AIL, Mohali
- UPES Law Studies Aptitude Test (UL-SAT) – For School of Law, UPES, Dehradun
- BVP Common Entrance Test (BVP-CET) – For Bharti Vidyapeeth University, Pune
- MS University Law Entrance Test (MSU-LET) – For Maharaja Sayajirao University, Vadodara
- AMU Law Entrance Test (AMU-LET) – For Faculty of Law, Aligarh Muslim University
- Punjab University Law Entrance Test (PU-LET) – For Institutes affiliated to Punjab University
- Jamia Millia Islamia Law Entrance Test (JMI-LET) – For Faculty of Law, JMI University, New Delhi
- Rajasthan University Law Entrance Exam (RULET) – For Institutes affiliated to Rajasthan University
- ICFAI Law Entrance Test (ICFAI-LET) – For ICFAI Law Colleges, multiple locations
- Telangana State (TS-LAWCET) – For all Law Colleges in Telangana state
- Andhra Pradesh State (AP-LAWCET) – For all Law Colleges in AP state
- Kerala State (CEE-Kerala LLB) – For all Law Colleges in Kerala state
- Calcutta University BA LLB Entrance Test – For all Law Colleges affiliated to Calcutta University
- KIIT-Law Entrance Test – For KIIT Law College, Bhubaneswar